Arc-Flash Reduction Techniques

Virginia Balitski, Magna IV Engineering Columns, Spring 2022 Columns, Tech Quiz

As NETA Certified Technicians, many of the tests and inspections performed may expose workers to electrical hazards. ANSI/NETA MTS, Standard for Maintenance Testing Specifications for Electrical Power Equipment & Systems specifies that individuals performing these tests shall be qualified and capable of conducting the tests in a safe manner and with complete knowledge of the hazards involved. One of these …

The Life and History of James (Jim) R. White

Virginia Balitski, Magna IV Engineering Columns, Tech Quiz, Winter 2021 Columns

Jim White’s prolific career in the electrical field expanded across many decades with a particular focus on training, education, and safety. Jim was Vice President of Training Services at Shermco Industries, a NFPA Certified Electrical Safety Compliance Professional, a NETA Level 4 Senior Technician, and a dedicated and well-respected professional. Jim’s contribution to the electrical industry was immeasurable, and he …

A Look Back at History

James R. White, Shermco Industries Columns, Fall 2021 Columns, Tech Quiz

1. Describe the function of polarity marks on current transformers. 2. Transformer differential relays protecting a 50 MVA, 138 kV – 13.09 Y/7.56 kV transformer have been operating normally during the construction phase of a project. When the transformer is being brought up to full load it trips. There is no indication of a fault, as all tests on the transformer and cable …

Medium-Voltage Power System Components

James R. White, Shermco Industries Columns, Summer 2021 Columns, Tech Quiz

The Tech Quiz questions for this issue concern medium-voltage power system components. FREE QUESTION! What is medium-voltage? Great question, as there are varying answers from NETA, NEMA, NFPA, and IEEE. NETA’s Standards Review Council has defined and classified medium-voltage within the NETA standards as “a class of nominal system voltages greater than 1,000 volts and less than 100,000 volts,” which …

Low-Voltage Circuit Breakers

James R. White, Shermco Industries Columns, Spring 2021 Columns, Tech Quiz

This edition of the Tech Quiz discusses one thing we all deal with, either at home or at work: low-voltage circuit breakers. Typically, they can last for years without causing problems, but they do require some maintenance and care. Continue on to find out what’s in store for you! 1. When the topic of low-voltage circuit breakers comes up, what …

Protective Relaying

James R. White, Shermco Industries Columns, Tech Quiz, Winter 2020 Columns

This edition of Tech Quiz covers protective relays. Many years ago, as I was teaching a protective relay class, a student asked, “What are these things?” I replied, “Relays,” to which he answered, “No, relays are those little black plastic things that go click-click.” I made sure to call them protective relays from then on. Things in the protective relaying …

Cable Testing

James R. White, Shermco Industries Columns, Fall 2020 Columns, Tech Quiz

Cable testing is one of the oldest forms of testing in the industry. At first, cables were tested using DC voltages, but this was found to damage newer cable types, so additional cable testing methods were developed. This issue’s Tech Quiz takes a look at cable testing. 1. During the early years of cable testing, which two primary types of …

Safety First, Last, and Always

James R. White, Shermco Industries Columns, Summer 2020 Columns, Tech Quiz

Everyone says they want to be safe, but when you get right down to it, some are more serious — or possibly they understand the consequences of incorrect decisions more accurately — than others. Whoever performed the repair in this photo did not have a clue what they were doing or the possible consequences of such shoddy work. Thankfully, we …

Troubleshooting

James R. White, Shermco Industries Columns, Spring 2020 Columns, Tech Quiz

This issue of NETA World covers troubleshooting. A big part of that is being able to interpret a schematic, and some of the most difficult are those for circuit breakers (unless you work in the circuit breaker shop, I suppose). Give these questions a try. Here’s a big call-out to retired Instructor Craig Nelson, who got tired of my hand …

Communications

James R. White, Shermco Industries Columns, Tech Quiz, Winter 2019 Columns

This edition of the NETA World is on communications — a very broad, but necessary subject. This Tech Quiz looks at three types of communication: digital substations, three-way communication, and hand signals for heavy lifting and cranes. Every NETA technician should have knowledge of these. 1. Digital substations are based on which IEC standard? IEC 61800 IEC 47855 IEC 60947 …